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Metabolic syndrome

Metabolic syndrome features complex changes in the body that cause energy imbalance. Metabolic syndrome leads to visceral fat mass increase and insulin tissue sensitivity decrease.

Metabolic syndrome is widespread among the industrialized countries population. Modern lifestyle increases metabolic syndrome risk. Doctors believe that metabolic syndrome will be a major cause of cardiovascular disease and obesity in the near future.

Metabolism is a set of chemical reactions, which begin with the receipt of the nutrients in the human body and end at the point of waste products excretion.

Metabolism comprises all the reactions, resulting in the living cells and tissues formation. Also, metabolism process results in the energy, which is essential for a person to grow, move and maintain the necessary body temperature.

Metabolism depends on many factors: nutrition quality, physical activity, lifestyle and environment. Changing these factors increases metabolic diseases and other comorbidities risk. Metabolic syndrome occurs most often in overweight or obesity.

Metabolic syndrome symptoms

Diseases, associated with metabolic disorders, can start forming at an early age. Very often, the metabolic syndrome symptoms and signs may not manifest for a long time.

The main signs and symptoms of metabolic syndrome include:

  • waist circumference greater than 85 cm in women, and greater than 100 cm in men;
  • high blood pressure;
  • apathy, headache;
  • overweight or obesity;
  • frequent urination, sweating or dry skin;
  • elevated levels of "bad cholesterol» (LDL) and glucose;
  • shortness of breath and rapid fatigability.

Approximately 65% of overweight patients have metabolic syndrome. Metabolic syndrome development depends on a person's lifestyle. Sedentary lifestyle and large fat amounts consumption negatively affect a person's metabolism.

Clinical studies have shown that metabolic syndrome is an important factor, which may influence chronic diseases development. Chronic disease may be accompanied by metabolic syndrome, or be its complications (coronary heart disease, liver steatosis, type 2 diabetes, peripheral vascular problems, erectile dysfunction, etc.).

Insulin and metabolic syndrome

Insulin facilitates glucose penetration into the body tissue. Glucose is a very important component for energy production. Metabolic syndrome decreases body tissues susceptibility to insulin. In this situation, inadequate glucose quantity penetrates from blood into the cells (Hyperglycemia). Hyperglycemia contributes to glucose accumulation in the blood plasma, which adversely affects people’s health.

Fatty acids are transferred in the human body with food. Heart and skeletal muscles prefer to use fatty acids as an energy source. Insulin facilitates fatty acids entry into the body tissue in the form of triglycerides.

The metabolic syndrome often leads to sugar accumulation in blood plasma. A high sugar content in blood plasma increases type 2 diabetes risk. 100% of type 2 diabetes patients have an increased risk of stroke or heart attack.

Metabolic syndrome drug-free treatment

Drug-free treatment of the metabolic syndrome is directed to overcoming food prejudices and stereotypes, promoting a healthy lifestyle and abandoning harmful habits (smoking, alcohol abuse). These activities are recommended throughout life, because metabolic syndrome is a chronic disease.

Metabolic syndrome drug-free treatment is more affordable, and does not require high financial costs. Nevertheless, such treatment requires considerable effort and extra time of patients with metabolic syndrome.

Practice shows, that the main method of metabolic syndrome treatment is considered a balanced nutrition and dieting. Patients with metabolic syndrome are recommended to reduce daily calorie intake:

  • Fats are the main source of calories for people. Any diet implies a reduction in fat intake. It is recommended to consume more vegetable fats. It is known that vegetable oils contain fewer calories, than animal fats. The share of all fats should be 20 - 30% of total calories, coming with food.
  • Carbohydrates are the main energy source for the body. Carbohydrates contribute to the normal body functioning. Metabolic syndrome treatment does not involve a significant reduction in the carbohydrates consumption. In balanced diet, the carbohydrates share should be about 50 - 55% in the daily ration.
  • Proteins are a natural organic substance that contributes to new cells and tissues formation. Daily protein allowance is 15-20% in the daily ration.

A balanced diet is a way to prevent diseases, associated with metabolic syndrome. In the metabolic syndrome treatment, fasting is not allowed. Fasting creates a nutrients deficit in the human body, which can cause adverse effects (eg, physical weakness, insomnia, dizziness and heartburn).

Conclusions

Treatment of metabolic syndrome should be individualized, depending on the patient’s obesity degree and other related diseases. In metabolic syndrome treatment, cardiovascular system should be assessed.

Consideration of all metabolism affecting factors will optimize the treatment process. For example, reducing excessive weight will cause a decrease in blood pressure and improve lipid metabolism. Lowering blood pressure often increases insulin sensitivity and improves carbohydrate metabolism.

Lipid-lowering diet, besides cholesterol lowering, will increase the cells and tissues sensitivity to insulin. Lipid-lowering diet improves metabolism.

Metabolic syndrome treatment effectiveness depends on timely diagnosis and understanding of the disease causes. Metabolic syndrome Identification in the early disease stages reduces the side effects risk and treatment time.